Setting up an Emotional Relationship
between the hypnotist and subject.
Establishing an emotional relationship with the subject may be accomplished in a variety of ways. It is always good to set the subject at ease by having a comfortable chair or couch for him to sit on. This should be in a room that is quiet except for a small wind-up clock at your desk, and free from any other outside noises or visual distractions. The lighting should be subdued, but not too dark, so as not to invite sleep. And make sure the room temperature is at a comfortable setting.
Once the subject is sitting comfortably, a brief discussion about Hypnosis is in order. Try to determine what the subject already knows about Hypnosis, and if he has had any prior experiences with Hypnotic inductions, (good or bad). Also a brief explanation of what not to expect or to be worried about while in a Trance would be appropriate.
(See Mïsconceptiöns )
Finally (and not necessarily in this order), ask the subject if he would like to use your rest room facilities prior to the session, so as not to disrupt the session in mid-progress. (Any bodily needs should be cared for on your own part as well before the session!) Once the hypnotist is satisfied that he has established a good pre-Hypnotic rapport, and has made the subject comfortable in a chair or on a couch, he then proceeds.
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Limitation of Sensory intake and Motor output.
The first step in the induction of Trance Phenomena is to take the bothersomness of the external environment out of your conscious mind.
You must learn to become unconcerned about the distractions around you. All of those sights and sounds, odors, flavors, and touches. To understand this you must realize that one of the jobs of your five senses is to keep you from getting hurt. They are your look-out guards, always alert and ready to warn you of any kind of danger. The five senses do this by registering any such stimulus into your conscious mind through the use of Anxiety.
Anxiety generated by any of your senses, receives the immediate
awareness of your conscious mind. When this stimulus is not threatening, however, it continues to be a source of distraction for your conscious mind.
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Before the actual Trance is attempted, a number of maneuvers are often employed, to serve as an introduction. These maneuvers are called tests ofSuggestibility, but they most probably represent the same phenomena induced by the method of Waking Hypnosis!
Trance Induction Begins
At this point trance induction usually begins by instructing the subject to concentrate all of his attention on the voice of the hypnotist. The subject is encouraged to ignore all of the minor distractions of his five senses, and to allow himself to become more interested in what the hypnotist is saying. This is maintained with some technique of ocular fixation, accompanied in the Sleeping Method by the suggestion of drowsiness, relaxation and heaviness.
Variations of the following script may be used:
"....... I want you to relax. Relax every part of your body. I want you to be so relaxed, that when I pick up your hand and let it go, it will fall like a rock without any help from you! ......."
(The hypnotist then picks up the hand and lets it drop to the couch.)
"....... No, you helped raise the hand that time; just let it get so relaxed that you have no power over it!......."
(The test is repeated as often as is necessary for the subject to learn to let it drop.)
"..... That's it! Now relax your legs the same way; just let them go limp. Now take a deep breath and hold it for a moment, letting it out slowly.
As you slowly exhale begin to concentrate on your toes.
A warm sensation starts in the toes and rises up your legs, abdomen, chest, into your neck. Now relax your jaw. Relax more, and still more. Now your cheeks; now your eyes. Your eyes are getting heavier and heavier. You can hardly keep them open. Soon they will close. Now smooth out the wrinkles in your forehead. Good! Now make your mind a blank. Allow no thoughts to enter. Just blank. You see a blackness spreading before you. Now sleep. Sleep! Sleep! Sleep! Your entire body and mind are relaxed, - sleep, sleep! ....."
(This phrase is repeated several times in a soft and persuasive voice.)
"..... Your sleep is becoming deeper, still deeper. You are in a deep, deep, sleep! ....."
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Repitition of Monotonous Stimulation.
At this point, the small clock on your desk should be the only source of sound in the room other than your own voice. Some mention should be made of the fact that the ticking of the clock seems to be getting louder. Point out to the subject that the louder the ticking becomes, the more relaxed he becomes. Once you are sure the subject is in a deeply relaxed state, you may continue on to the production of muscular phenomena. One of the best places to begin is with heaviness of an extremity, such as an arm. The subject is told that his arm will become progressively heavy.
Variations of the following script may be used:
"..... You will now begin to notice your left arm becoming very heavy. The heaviness begins in the left shoulder, flowing down your upper arm to your elbow, then down the forearm to your wrist, then into your hand, and then into the fingers, into each individual finger, the thumb, the index finger, the third finger, the fourth finger, and now the fifth finger.
I want you to imagine that your left arm is being covered with a heavy blanket made of lead; beginning at the shoulder, passing down the upper arm to the elbow. You feel as if your arm were bound down to the arm of the chair.
In your imagination you see steel bands passing over your wrist and your elbow, binding your arm to the chair. You feel that a great suction keeps your arm stuck to the chair, that heavy weights are pressing it down. You will find that it is more and more difficult for you to will to move your arm, that the harder you try the more difficult it will be! ....."
Now the hypnotist is in a position to challenge the subject, and tells him that he will try to raise his left arm at the count of (say) five, and that ".....
The harder you try, the more difficult it will be to raise your arm! ....." When suggested inability to move the arm is almost or entirely successful, inability to open the eyes is the next step to be suggested. It is often wise to have the subject first squeeze his eyes shut as tightly as possible and to use a phrase like, "..... Close your eyes so tight that they begin to tremble! ....."
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After muscular phenomena are succcessful, one can turn to suggesting Anesthesia.
induced Hypnotically, is on a continuum of diminishing bodily sensations with analgesia. Anesthesia refers to a complete or near complete elemination of all sensation in all or part of the body. Analgesia refers only to a reduction in the sensation of pain in all or part of the body, allowing the associated sensations of pressure, temperature, position, etc. to continue. At first, when inducing anesthesia, one should suggest only a dulling of sensation on (say), "The back of your hand!" Challenging may be carried out with the sharp and dull ends of a safety pin.
The next degree of Hypnotic profundity reached usually involves
Amnesia: means literally a loss of memory, usually this is due to injury to the brain, shock, fatigue, repression, or illness. Hypnotic amnesia is the temoprary loss of memory that is associated with an Hypnotic experience, rather than by brain injury and the like (which may result in permanent loss of memory). This type of amnesia is reversible upon suggestion! Hypnotic amnesia is present when a subject fails to recall either the material or events that have been associated with the Hypnotic experience, or whatever the hypnotist has specifically suggested to be forgotten, and then that same material be recovered at some later time either through appropriate suggestions or by reinduction of the Hypnotic Trance.
The subject should first be informed that alterations in memory are possible in the Hypnotic State, and that they are nothing to be concerned about. In fact, those alterations are important in a therapeutic setting because they allow for the recovery of buried memories in the subconscious which can be dealt with in the here and now! The hypnotist should show the subject how it is possible for information present in the mind to be first accessible to the consciousness and then not. This may be compared to the everyday experience of of having something you know be 'on the tip of your tongue,', that is, knowing it but being unable to say it. When attempting immediate amnesia, it helps to use visual imagery. The subject may be asked, for example, to imagine himself standing before a clean black board on which he writes three words suggested by the Hypnotist. He is then told to erase these words from the black board with his imagination, that the words can drop out of his memory so that later, when he is asked to reproduce them, he will find that he has some difficulty and may indeed be unable to recall them at all.
The Hypnotist should now proceed with additional suggestions of relaxation and further drowsiness, and finally return to the subject of the words. As with arm heaviness, it is important to obtain admission of at least some degree of difficulty with recalling the words by the subject. Then reinforce that difficulty until the words cannot be recalled. Once this is accomplished, the subject is told that, "..... at the count of (say) five, the words will return! ....." and then they do!
Setting up an emotional relationship
between the hypnotist and subject.
Assuming immediate Amnesia has been sucessfully accomplished, the hypnotist then proceeds:
Post-Hypnotic Suggestion and Re-Induction
The subject is told, " I am going to begin counting from the number one up to ten. When I reach the number ten, you will be awake and aware of everything around you. After awakening, it may seem to you that you have been asleep and dreaming. You will feel as if you have had eight hours of refreshing sleep, and you will feel fully refreshed. Further, your memory for what has happened will be foggy, or there may be no memory of the hypnosis at all. While awake, I will give a signal (by the hypnotist, a word like 'sleep'), which you will not remember, but when spoken, it will bring you back into the Deep Trance State that you are in now! .........I begin with the number one, two, etc."
Next comes suggestions by the hypnotist of:
"Positive Sensory Hallucinations"
Hallucinations that are experienced Hypnotically, are suggested experiences the subject can have which are removed from current, objective realities. An hallucination is a sensory experience that does not arise from external stimulation.
It is possible to Hypnotically facilitate visual, auditory, kinesthetic (as in experiencing cold or heat in the room or on some suggested part of the subject's body), gustatory, and olfactory halluicinations.
Further, hallucinations can be characterized as being either positive, or
negative. A positive hallucination can be defined as having the experience of something that is not objectively present. A negative hallucination is not experiencing some sensation that objectively is present.
When the latter observation is carried out with the subject's eyes open, the subject has reached a particularly Deep State of Hypnosis.
This phenomenon is the denial by Hypnotic suggestion of the reality of some sensory impression such as the inability to recognize the presence of a particular person in the room. Such phenomena represents a deep stage of hypnosis, of course, and can be carried out with the eyes open and the subject in a Trance State which to the casual observer may appear to be the behavior of a normal, wide awake person.
Disengagement of Trance:
The removal of the Trance state is as equally important as its induction! It is at this point that the opportunity for future inductions can be facilitated and the seed layed for future Hypnotic work. At the close of the session, the subject will come out of the trance by using a signal - such as:
"I am going to recite the letters of the alphabet from 'A' to 'K'. As I do so, you will gradually return to your normal self. With 'A', you will move your feet; at 'B', your hands will move; at 'C', your legs will move; at 'D', your arms (and so on); and at 'K', you will open your eyes and feel perfectly normal once again."
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last update: November - 2014.